Best Dogs to Keep as Pets at Home in India

Deciding to welcome a furry friend into your home is a heartwarming choice, and when it comes to finding the best dog for your home in India, you’re spoilt for choice. With a variety of breeds that are easily available and well-suited to the Indian climate and lifestyle, it’s all about finding the perfect match for your family.

Whether you live in a spacious bungalow or a cosy apartment, breeds like the intelligent German Shepherd, the affectionate Golden Retriever, and the charming Pug have proven to be excellent companions. These dogs are not just smart and trainable; they’re known for their loyal and loving nature, making them ideal for Indian homes.

Understanding that every breed has its unique traits and care requirements is key. Dive into the world of canine companionship and discover which dog will best suit your home and lifestyle.

German Shepherd

German Shepherd

When searching for the ideal canine companion in India, German Shepherds should be on your radar. Known for their wolf-like appearance, German Shepherds, or GSDs, have earned their reputation as one of the top breeds for Indian households. Despite their robust and intimidating physique, they exude a rare combination of affection and loyalty that may surprise you given their commanding presence.

What sets German Shepherds apart is their versatility. Originally bred in Germany for herding, they’ve seamlessly transitioned to modern roles, serving with distinction in police work, military engagements, and search and rescue missions. Their protective nature makes them excellent guard dogs, a trait you’ll value if security is a top priority for your family.

Temperament and Training

GSDs are not just about brawn; their intelligence is a defining feature. Here’s what you need to know about their temperament and training:

  • German Shepherds are eager learners and respond well to positive reinforcement.
  • Their energy levels are high, which means they require regular mental and physical stimulation—daily walks and brain games are a must.
  • Socialization from a young age is crucial to help them grow into well-adjusted adults.

Health Considerations

Like any breed, German Shepherds come with their own set of health considerations. They’re prone to certain genetic conditions like hip dysplasia, so it’s vital to source your pet from a reputable breeder who screens for health issues. Regular check-ups with your vet will help ensure your German Shepherd stays in top shape.

Remember, the key to a happy life with a GSD is understanding and catering to their exercise, training, and companionship needs. By doing so, you’ll have a devoted and protective family member who’s both an effective guard dog and a loving pet.



When you’re seeking a furry addition to your family, you can’t go wrong with the Labrador Retriever. A jewel among canines, this breed reigns supreme for its blend of intelligence, loyalty, and playfulness. You’ll often find Labradors at the top of the list for families in India, not just for their amiable temperament, but also for their remarkable role as therapy dogs.

With a high intelligence ranking, Labradors are quick learners, making them superbly trainable. This comes in handy, whether you want a pet for your kids or a helping hand – or paw – around the house. Their outgoing nature and robust energy make them particularly fond of daily moderate exercise, so you’ll have a perfect motivator for your morning jogs.

Still, ownership isn’t without its challenges. Labs are frequent shedders and therefore command a steadfast grooming routine to keep your home hair-free. Despite this slight inconvenience, their sociable and playful spirit is a trade-off most dog lovers are willing to embrace.

Let’s delve into some key features of Labradors:

  • Height: 22 to 24 inches
  • Weight: 36 to 50 kg
  • Life Span: 10 to 12 years
  • Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Loyal, Outgoing
  • Price Range in INR: 15,000 to 40,000

Functioning historically as a fisherman’s right hand, these dogs have deep roots in aiding with tasks from net-carrying to fish retrieval. And if you’re worried about acclimation, fear not – Labradors possess a short and dense coat that serves as an insulator during the cold, and facilitates body heat regulation in warmer climates. This adaptation ensures that the Labrador is as apt for the Indian climate as it is for companionship and service.

In terms of living quality and adaptability, the Labrador is not a breed that merely adapts; it excels. Their all-rounder capabilities etch them firmly into the Sporting Group category, where they continue to showcase finesse in both domestic and working environments. Whether assisting hunters, participating in shows, or playing a critical role in search and rescue, Labradors carry on the hardworking legacy of their ancestors with poise and dedication.

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

If you’re on the hunt for a canine companion that’s as suited to the bustling streets of Mumbai as it is to the tranquil countryside of Kerala, a Golden Retriever may just be your match. These dogs are affectionate and obedient, traits that resonate well with family-oriented environments. Their intelligence and ease of training stand out, making them not just pets, but participants in the home.

Golden Retrievers boast medium-sized builds and are naturally skilled at being watchdogs without the aggression some breeds might display. Their stature, paired with an innate loyalty, gives them an edge in seamlessly integrating into various home settings. You’ll find their waterproof coats require regular grooming, a task that fosters bonding and ensures the health of your furry friend’s luxurious fur.

These dogs carry a unique aspect to their breed – a gentle mouth. Known for their ability to retrieve shot game without any damage, they exhibit a soft touch, making them particularly safe around children and the elderly. For the water enthusiasts, their love for water is an added bonus, providing shared activity opportunities for you and your pet.

Originating from Scotland, the Golden Retriever’s versatility has seen it adapt to climates both wet and dry, making it suited to the diverse environments across India. When considering a breed that balances the need for companionship with an eagerness to please, this breed often tops the list.

Feature Detail
Intelligence High
Trainability Excellent
Coat Waterproof
Grooming Needs Regular
Affinity for Water Strong
Suitable Environments Urban & Rural
Origin Scotland

Choosing a Golden Retriever means welcoming a dog with a rich history of companionship and service into your home. Their adaptability and loving nature are attributes that complement the diverse lifestyles of Indian households. Whether you’re a first-time dog owner or looking to add to your pack, a Golden Retriever is a consideration that harmonizes with the needs and rhythms of a loving home.



When you’re seeking a furry friend in India, Beagles stand out as a top contender. Originating from an illustrious line of hounds, these dogs have a rich history as competent hunting companions, honing their small stature for chasing down game like rabbits, jackals, and pigs.

Historically, Beagles were so efficient and manageable they were even carried in hunters’ pockets, earning them the moniker ‘pocket Beagles’. Today, this breed isn’t just a hunter but has become a beloved household pet. With their muscular build and friendly disposition, Beagles adapt well to home environments and are treasured for their temperament.

Here are some key features of Beagles you should consider:

  • Size: Medium
  • Height: 19 to 22 inches
  • Weight: 10 to 15 kilograms
  • Group: Hound Group
  • Temperament: Friendly, reserved, confident, docile, gentle, and devoted

You’ll be happy to know Beagles are surprisingly low maintenance regarding grooming, with a sleek double coat that only requires weekly brushing to tackle moderate shedding. Yet, they’re high-energy pooches—at least one hour of exercise daily is essential for their well-being.

Engaging your Beagle with sniffing games and new toys plays into their strong tracking instincts, offering the necessary mental stimulation. They’re dubbed as sniffer dogs not only for their history but for their current roles, too, often used as detection dogs to prevent illegal importation of contraband.

In terms of training, the Beagle’s intelligence means they’re usually quick learners. Nonetheless, you’ll need to be diligent with house training to curtail any tendency for overeating.

Despite these small considerations, if you’re aspiring for a breed that’s equally skilled in security, look no further than the Great Dane. Known for their obedience and trainability, these giants are surprisingly gentle and rank as some of the best companions for home security in India.

Remember, a well-balanced diet and high-quality dog food are critical for raising both Beagles and Great Danes, ensuring they grow healthy and happy in their loving Indian homes.

Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu

When exploring the best dog for home in India, the Shih Tzu’s remarkable history as a revered symbol of royalty is noteworthy. Gift exchanges of this breed among Chinese and Tibetan royalty depict their esteemed status through time. Named “Little Lion” in Mandarin, these dogs personify both a storied past and a beloved household pet.

Understanding the size and build of a Shih Tzu is essential for your home environment. Their small stature, standing 9 to 10.5 inches tall, combined with a weight ranging from 4 to 7.5 kilograms, makes them conveniently sizeable for apartments and smaller living spaces. Despite their size, they sport a muscular build and have a broad chest, embodying a robust pet in a compact form.

Beyond physical attributes, the Shih Tzu’s temperament is a significant advantage. These dogs are affectionate, independent, and remain sociable to family members and guests alike, making them exceptionally versatile home companions. Their playful and loyal nature ensures that they become more than just pets; they become integral members of the family.

Exercise is often a concern for pet owners in apartments or homes with limited outdoor space. Shih Tzus, with their minimal exercise requirements, thrive in such environments. Short daily walks and indoor play suffice in keeping them content and healthy.

Grooming is a facet where Shih Tzus show their high-maintenance side, requiring daily brushing due to their long, dense coat. Their fur, found in striking solid colours like brown or white, adds to their visual appeal but also calls for regular upkeep. A bath every 10 to 15 days keeps their coat sparkling and maintains hygiene.

Their hypoallergenic coat adds another reason why Shih Tzus are an excellent choice for your home. If you’re looking for a dog with low exercise needs but a regal aura, you’ll find the Shih Tzu a fitting candidate. At the same time, bear in mind their grooming needs, as they’re as much a commitment as they are a joy.



Pugs are a delightful addition to any home with their charming and affable nature. These small, muscular dogs carry a big personality in a petite frame. Originating from China over two millennia ago, pugs have long been treasured as companion animals, endearing themselves to royalty and commoners alike. The signature feature of this breed is undoubtedly their unique expressions, framed by a wrinkled, short-muzzled face and accentuated by big sparkling eyes.

Characteristics of Pugs:

  • Size: Small stature, ideal for apartment living.
  • Height: Typically ranges from 10 to 12 inches.
  • Weight: 6 to 10 kilograms; a compact package of delight.
  • Temperament: Pugs exemplify charm and playfulness. They’ve been known to be docile yet clever, friendly, and deeply affectionate towards their owners.

Their exercise needs are moderate; regular play sessions and walks will suffice. Pugs possess a fine, glossy coat, which requires less grooming compared to many other breeds, making them relatively low maintenance. Their fur comes in several colors, but light brown or black are the most common.

Given your busy lifestyle, you’ll appreciate that pugs don’t demand extensive physical activity. They’re content with indoor play and short outdoor excursions, making them an excellent match for smaller living spaces. Pugs are also known to be sociable around other pets, which can be a huge plus if you’re planning on a multi-pet household.

In hotter climates, such as India’s, it’s crucial to ensure your pug doesn’t overheat due to their short muzzles. The moderate climate – not too hot, not too cold – is ideal for this breed. And while they love being part of your daily life, it’s important to monitor their health closely due to their susceptibility to respiratory issues.

Remember Cheeka, the pug that captured hearts across India in a well-known advertisement? Since then, the breed’s popularity has continued to wax, solidifying the pug’s status as a top contender for the best dog for a home in India. These lovable canine companions have proven that their enduring appeal isn’t just a passing trend.


When considering a furry addition to your family, you’ll find the Beagle to be a top contender. Originating from a line of hounds, this breed is historically rooted in hunting, making it exceptionally alert and active. Beagles stand as a symbol of versatility with a rich hunting ancestry. They were adept at hunting smaller game such as rabbits, jackals, and pigs, which made them invaluable companions for hunters in the past. Interestingly, a variant known as the pocket beagle was so named due to its diminutive size, allowing hunters to carry them easily, facilitating an on-the-go hunting experience.

In terms of physical attributes, Beagles are medium-sized dogs with an impressive combination of muscle and agility. Here are some quick stats on their size:

Feature Detail
Size Medium
Height 19 to 22 inches
Weight 10 to 15 kilograms

Beyond their sturdy build, you’ll notice their distinct long tails and squarish muzzles, typical of the Hound Group to which they belong. Beagles have a friendly yet reserved demeanor, and they bring a confident and gentle vibe to any household. Given their docile and devoted nature, it’s no surprise they’re a beloved breed globally.

As for keeping a Beagle happy and healthy, exercise is crucial. At the very least, commit to one hour of exercise a day, and remember that they prefer company, be it canine or human. This not only caters to their physical well-being but also supports their mental and emotional health. Keeping them engaged with new toys and sniffing games can also provide much-needed mental stimulation.

Their grooming routine is quite straightforward – beagles possess a smooth, double coat that moderately sheds. With weekly brushing, you can manage the loose hair and maintain their coat’s shine. Due to their small size and keen sense of smell, Beagles hold the title of sniffer dogs. However, as adorable as they may be, thorough house training is key due to their tendency to overheat.



Meeting a Dachshund, you’ll immediately notice their unique physique. Described as sausage-shaped, they boast a lively and playful character. Your maintenance worries with a Dachshund are minimal due to their short coat and modest size, making them catered to the apartment way of life. Their small stature is deceptive; these dogs are a bundle of energy and historically bred for hunting.

Brought to the world from the heart of Germany at least 300 years ago, Dachshunds have transitioned comfortably to the Indian climate and surroundings. The Dachshund’s adaptation is a testament to its versatility and hardiness. Their elongated body, coming in both regular and miniature sizes, is distinctive and adds to their charm while their personality ensures they become beloved members of the family.

Health and Characteristics

Feature Detail
Origin Germany
Height 5.9 inches on average
Weight Approx. 3.6 Kgs
Life Span 14 – 17 years
Exercise Needs Medium
Temperament Friendly, Outgoing
Grooming Needs Medium

Dachshunds are small but fearless, making them an excellent choice if you’re seeking an intelligent and courageous companion. Commonly known for their persistence, they were originally bred for hunting tunnelling animals such as rabbits. Their keen sense of smell and earth dog pedigree underpin their reputation as effective hunters, even in a domestic setting.

Adjustability and Training

You’ll find Dachshunds to be quite flexible with their dwellings. Moderate daily exercise suits them just fine which can be easily managed in apartment spaces. Major Indian cities house this breed ready for adoption, making them quite accessible. However, bear in mind Dachshunds can be reserved with strangers, thus early socialisation and training are key to helping them assimilate with family and other pets.

Vocal when they need to be, Dachshunds might challenge you with their persistent barks. Nonetheless, their affordable price point and prevailing demand in India make overcoming such small hurdles worthwhile.

Special considerations for Indian climate and environment

Heat Tolerance

When you’re picking the best dog for your home in India, heat tolerance is a crucial factor to consider. Native breeds like the Indian Pariah Dog, known for their resilience, are highly adapted to the warm climate. In contrast, breeds with thick fur coats such as Siberian Huskies or St. Bernards may find the Indian heat distressing. These dogs are not ideal for the tropical weather as they’re prone to overheating which can lead to heatstroke or other heat-related illnesses. It’s essential to choose breeds that have short coats and a proven track record of coping well with high temperatures. Dogs that require minimal intense physical activity during the peak heat hours are also preferable.

Grooming Requirements

The grooming needs of a dog are greatly affected by the Indian climate. High humidity can lead to mats and tangles in dogs with long hair, making breeds like the Afghan Hound and the Lhasa Apso require more frequent grooming. Regular grooming sessions will keep their coats healthy and prevent skin infections that can be exacerbated by the climate. On the other hand, short-haired breeds with smooth coats such as the Dachshund and the Bulldog need less attention to their grooming but should not be overlooked. Pugs, while having short hair, still need daily nail trimming and occasional baths to maintain good hygiene. Always remember that proper grooming goes beyond aesthetics; it plays a significant role in keeping your dog comfortable and healthy.

Health Issues

The breed you choose must be robust enough to withstand local health challenges. Local breeds often have a genetic advantage in terms of health, due to their natural acclimatization over generations. They are typically less susceptible to common health issues found in other pedigrees that are not native to India. For breeds that are not indigenous, like the German Shepherd, it’s important to be aware of their propensity for certain health conditions that may be aggravated by the Indian environment. Always be prepared for the possibility of regular vet visits and the associated costs which may vary greatly depending on the breed’s susceptibility to health problems. Opting for a breed with a strong constitution and minimal health issues will be both practical and beneficial to your companion’s wellbeing.

Adopting vs buying a dog for your home in India

When you’re ready to welcome a new furry member into your home in India, you may find yourself weighing the options between adopting and buying a dog. It’s a decision that not only impacts you but also trickles into broader societal implications. Each route offers distinct advantages and reflects a personal choice that’s as unique as the dogs themselves.

Benefits of Adopting

Adopting a dog can be one of the most rewarding experiences. Dogs from shelters are eager for a second chance and can become loving and loyal companions. Adopting from a shelter or rescue group often comes with several benefits:

  • Cost-Efficiency: Adoption fees are generally lower than the cost of a purebred dog from a breeder. Often, these fees cover initial veterinary expenses such as vaccinations, sterilization, and microchipping.
  • Promoting Animal Welfare: By choosing to adopt, you’re giving a home to a dog that may otherwise face a life in a shelter or, worse, euthanasia.
  • Health Advantages: Many dogs in shelters have lived in a home environment before and, contrary to some beliefs, can be healthier than some purebred dogs, which can suffer from inbred health conditions.

One other key advantage of adopting a dog, particularly in India, is the availability of local breeds that are well-adapted to the climate and environmental conditions. This genetic advantage often means they are hardier and less susceptible to climate-induced health issues.

Benefits of Buying from a Reputable Breeder

If you decide that buying a dog is the right choice for you, it’s essential to purchase from a reputable breeder. This route also has its advantages:

  • Specific Breed Traits: When you buy from a knowledgeable breeder, you can select a dog with specific characteristics suited to your lifestyle. For example, if you want a dog for companionship, guarding, or agility sports, breeders can guide you to the right choice.
  • Health Screening: A reputable breeder will provide health clearances for the puppy’s parents, reducing the likelihood of inherited diseases.
  • Support and Guidance: Unlike pet stores or uncertain online deals, a good breeder will be a valuable resource for advice on training, feeding, and care specific to the breed.

When you opt for a purebred, remember to consider its adaptability to the Indian climate. Short-coated breeds and those known for high heat tolerance are often recommended. The table below summarises some key facts concerning different dog types and their suitability for the Indian household:

Trait Adopted Indigenous Dog Purebred from Breeder
Climate Adaptation Excellent Varies
Initial Cost Lower Higher
Health Screening Available Rare Common
Genetic Health Generally Robust Breed-Specific Issues

Whether you adopt or buy, the joy that a dog brings into your home is undeniable. Ensuring your furry friend’s needs are in sync with your lifestyle is the cornerstone of a lasting and loving relationship. As you continue your search for the best dog for your home in India, bear in mind the commitment you are about to embark on and the impact of your choice on the well-being of the dog and the larger community of animal lovers.

Proper care and training for your dog

Feeding and Nutrition

A well-balanced diet is fundamental to your dog’s health and well-being. Every breed comes with its unique dietary needs that must be met for optimal health. High-quality commercial dog food is often recommended as it’s formulated to provide a balance of nutrients. However, some dog owners prefer to prepare home-cooked meals. In this case, it’s essential to consult a vet to ensure your dog’s nutritional requirements are fulfilled.

Here are some key points to keep in mind regarding feeding and nutrition:

  • Feed according to size, age, and activity level. Puppies and active adult dogs generally need more calories compared to senior dogs.
  • Avoid human food, as many human foods can be harmful to dogs.
  • Ensure access to fresh water at all times.
  • Consider food enrichment toys to stimulate your dog’s mind during meal times.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Just as humans need regular physical activity to stay healthy, your dog also requires daily exercise to maintain physical fitness and ward off boredom. The exercise needs can vary greatly from breed to breed. For example, a Beagle will need at least one hour of exercise per day, while a Great Dane may have lower energy levels but still requires regular walks.

In addition to physical exercise, dogs need mental stimulation to stay alert and engaged. Here’s how you can provide this:

  • Introduce new toys and rotate them to keep things interesting.
  • Engage in training sessions, which are excellent for mental exercise.
  • Set up sniffing games that cater to their natural instincts.
  • Consider interactive feeders to challenge them during mealtimes.

Providing the right amount of exercise and mental stimulation is crucial to prevent destructive behaviours which can stem from boredom and excess energy.

Basic Obedience Training

Basic obedience training is a cornerstone of responsible dog ownership. It helps establish a clear line of communication between you and your dog and ensures safety in various situations. Here are a few fundamental commands that every dog should learn:

  • Sit: The basic command to encourage controlled behaviour.
  • Stay: Essential for preventing unwanted movement, especially in dangerous situations.
  • Come: Crucial for recall, keeping your dog safe from hazards.
  • Leave it: Helps to stop the dog from picking up potentially dangerous objects.

Start with short, frequent training sessions. Dogs have short attention spans, so keeping training sessions brief will ensure they remain engaged. Positive reinforcement techniques, using treats and praise, are the most effective and humane methods for training your dog. Remember, patience is key as some dogs may take longer to train than others.


Choosing the right dog for your home in India involves careful consideration of various factors. Whether you opt for a playful Dachshund or another breed, it’s essential to ensure they’re well-suited to the Indian climate and your lifestyle. Remember, adopting can be as rewarding as buying, and either way, you’re gaining a loyal companion. Proper care, including appropriate feeding, regular exercise, and mental stimulation, alongside consistent basic obedience training, will set the foundation for a happy, healthy life with your furry friend. Your patience and use of positive reinforcement will foster a strong bond and ensure your dog becomes a well-behaved member of your family. Embrace the journey of pet parenthood, and you’ll enjoy the unique joys that come with it.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which dog is most friendly?

Golden Retrievers are known for their friendliness and are considered one of the most sociable breeds. Other friendly breeds include Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Beagles, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Cockapoos, and Boxers.

Who is India’s number 1 dog?

In India, the Golden Retriever holds the title of being the most popular and favoured dog breed across the country.

Which dog lives the longest?

The Australian Cattle Dog holds the record for the longest-living dog, with one named Bluey living up to 29 years and 5 months as recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1939. This record still stands today.

Which dog is best for inside home?

Some of the best breeds for living indoors include the American Bulldog, Pug, Beagle, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Shih Tzu, Chihuahua, Italian Greyhound, and even a large but gentle breed like the Great Dane.

Which is the best guard dog?

Renowned guard dogs include the Akita, Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Appenzeller Sennenhund, Australian Shepherd, Barbado da Terceira, Beauceron, Belgian Laekenois, and Bergamasco Sheepdog, all of which are known for their protective instincts and guardianship.

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